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High temperature bearings-why modern mining machinery mostly use rolling bearings instead of sliding bearings

wallpapers Low Carbon 2020-09-28
Bearings, as an essential part of mechanical products, play an important role in supporting the rotating shaft. According to the different friction properties in the bearing, the bearings is divided into rolling friction bearing (referred to as rolling bearing) and sliding friction bearings (referred to as sliding bearing). The two types of bearings have their own characteristics in terms of structure, and their advantages and disadvantages in performance. When selecting them, they must be considered in combination with actual conditions. Comparison of rolling bearings and sliding bearings
 
1. Comparison of structure and exercise mode
 
The most obvious difference between rolling bearings and sliding bearings is whether there are rolling elements. Rolling bearings have rolling elements (balls, cylindrical rollers, tapered rollers, needle rollers), which rely on their rotation to support the rotating shaft, so the contact part is a point. The more rolling elements, the more contact points.
 
The sliding bearing has no rolling elements and supports the rotating shaft by a smooth surface, so the contact part is a single surface. The difference between the two structures determines that the motion mode of the rolling bearing is rolling, and the motion mode of the sliding bearing is sliding, so the friction situation is completely different.
 
2. Comparison of carrying capacity
 
Generally speaking, due to the large pressure bearing area of ​​sliding bearings, their bearing capacity is generally higher than that of rolling bearings, and the ability of rolling bearings to withstand impact loads is not high. However, completely liquid lubricated bearings can withstand more due to the lubricating oil film acting as a buffer and vibration absorption. Large impact load. When the speed is high, the centrifugal force of the rolling elements in the rolling bearing increases, and its carrying capacity should be reduced (noise is prone to occur at high speeds). For dynamic pressure sliding bearings, the carrying capacity increases with the increase in speed.
 
3. Comparison of friction coefficient and starting friction resistance
 
Under normal working conditions, the friction coefficient of rolling bearings is lower than that of sliding bearings, and the value is relatively stable. The lubrication of sliding bearings is easily affected by external factors such as speed and vibration, and the friction coefficient varies widely. When starting, because the sliding bearing has not formed a stable oil film, the resistance is greater than that of the rolling bearing, but the starting friction resistance and the working friction coefficient of the hydrostatic sliding bearing are very small.
 
4. Comparison of applicable working speed
 
Due to the limitation of the centrifugal force of the rolling elements and the temperature rise of the bearing, the rolling bearing can not rotate too high, and it is generally suitable for medium and low speed working conditions. Due to the heating and wear of the bearing, the working speed of the incomplete liquid lubrication bearing cannot be too high. The high-speed performance of the fully liquid-lubricated bearing is very good, especially when the static pressure sliding bearing uses air as the lubricant, its speed can reach 100000r/min.
 
5. Comparison of power loss
 
Due to the small friction coefficient of rolling bearings, their power loss is generally not large, which is smaller than that of incompletely liquid lubricated bearings, but it will increase sharply when lubricated and installed improperly. Fully liquid lubricated bearings have low frictional power loss, but for static pressure sliding bearings, due to the power loss of the oil pump, the total power loss may be higher than that of dynamic pressure sliding bearings.

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